There are particular challenges in managing natural resources in border areas between Kapuas Hulu in West Kalimantan, Indonesia, and Sarawak in Malaysia. Understanding resource governance in such areas is crucial, as it not only strengthens awareness of conservation but also sheds light on the complexities involved due to the different perceptions and interests of parties involved. The paper explores the opportunities and challenges associated with managing resources in sustainable ways. The case study reveals that, although there is an increase of local awareness on conservation, community dependence on forestlands remains much the same. It also shows that decentralisation processes can have detrimental effects on the resources being used.